Custom Term Papers: Colonization, “Apartheid” system and independence in South Africa

Custom Term Papers: Colonization, “Apartheid” system and independence in South Africa

Custom Term Papers: Colonization, “Apartheid” system and independence in South Africa

Custom Term Paper Writing

For those who are enrolled in the tutoring sessions here is the Essay question for the prelim exam.

This is due on Wed. April 29th. You may type or handwrite your answer, but it MUST be handed in with your worksheet by Wed.

to receive credit.

In no less than (5) paragraphs, please write a short essay describing the colonization, “Apartheid” system, and

independence in South Africa. In order to receive full credit, you should be as descriptive as possible. Include as many relevant names, dates, countries, legislation, etc. Your essay should include an introductory paragraph, followed by three body paragraphs (colonization, Apartheid, independence), and finally you should end with a concluding paragraph detailing the significant effects of the three topics covered.

Colonization, “Apartheid” system and independence in South Africa South Africa has been tormented by the three important era of colonization, Apartheid era and finally independence. Even the independence has been tormenting for South Africa because it is still trying to come out of the after-effects of colonization and the Apartheid

period. These three periods significantly changed the history of South Africa. South Africa was under the control of Europeans from 1652 till the end of the apartheid era. The first to settle in South Africa were the Portuguese, but they did not settle down and used only the coast of South Africa for navigation purpose. The Dutch were the first

permanent settlers and then they formed a colony. They developed a language from the influence of different groups and named it Afrikaans. These Dutch people started calling themselves Boers or Afrikaners due to the influence of the name of the language. In 1806, the British realized the important of South African coast and the advantages of a

cape colony and they gained power over the Dutch. In 1814, the South African coast became a British colony. The Dutch and the British had a great war named as the Boer War, which began in 1899 and ended in 1902.The result of the war was that the British rule was established in South Africa. The British killed 26,000 Afrikaners and they had

severe resentment towards them that ended after many years. In 1910, the British created the South Africa Act. This established the Union of South Africa in which four British colonies joined together. The British knew that they could not work without the cooperation of the Afrikaners, so they worked out the conflicts and proposed some compromises and this was the foundation of a period of white supremacy in South Africa.

Until 1948, the South African government had not laid down the Apartheid laws, but they were many acts that did not allow the African people complete freedom and took away many of their important rights. The Mines and Works Act of 1911 was meant to give high paid jobs only to the whites and the blacks were to receive only cheap labor. This

Act made the whites as supreme and skilful. In 1913, the Natives Land Act was passed that forced around ten percent of the blacks to become reserves. This Act took away the rights of owning land from the blacks. In 1920, the Native Affairs Act was passed that established government appointed tribally based district councils. The Natives Urban Act

of 1923 was again a controlling act that did not allow the blacks to travel freely in towns and cities of South Africa. All these laws were meant to break the spirit of the South Africans and to stop the resistance that was brewing up slowly in the hearts of people. The World War I brought a sudden change when South West Africa came under the

British government, and in 1934 South Africa had become constitutionally independent after the ruling given by Prime Ministers Louis Botha and J.B.Hertzog. This independence gave the Union of South Africa to make the laws they desired. In 1936, they passed the Native Representation Act that gave the rights of “separate voters roll” to the Black. These blacks could vote only for white permanent members. The National Party had started to raise its head and many Afrikaners joined this National Party. The National Party started gaining a firm foot and was also a threat to Parliament and ultimately it gained power in 1948 and D.F. Malan became the new leader. Malan wanted the Afrikaner population to have more control and therefore he tried his best to restrict the entry of British in South Africa. He also made an immigration policy for the British to restrict their entry. The top posts were given to Afrikaners and thus began the march towards independence.

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