Data Collection & Analysis Project Guidelines
Project Purpose & Objective!
In this project, you will analyze data provided by the course instructor to help you
apply techniques presented in class. In addition, it is aimed at providing you the
opportunity to analyze data with a software program such that you may utilize this
program for your future data analysis needs (e.g., research, grants, assessment, and
evaluation).The data supplied for this project was collected from Dr. Ayodele’s AHS 340
students using a structured questionnaire (available on Blackboard) administered in
their classrooms. The students reported their weight and height while their body mass
index and body fat percentage was determined using Omron HBF-306C Hand Held
Body Fat Analyzer.
The purpose of this project is to determine and describe the relationship between
Body Mass Index (BMI) and Body Fat Percentage (BFP). At the end of this project, you
will submit a report that should include the following parts:
Introduction & Literature Review (2 pages)
The introduction serves the purpose of leading the reader from a general subject
area to a particular field of research. It establishes the context of the research being
conducted by summarizing current understanding and background information about
the topic, stating the purpose of the work in the form of the hypothesis, question, or
research problem, briefly explaining your rationale, methodological approach,
highlighting the potential outcomes your study can reveal, and describing the remaining
structure of the paper.
Literature Review (1.5pages)
A literature review surveys scholarly articles, books and other sources relevant to a
particular issue, area of research, or theory, and by so doing, providing a description,
summary, and critical evaluation of these works. Literature reviews are designed to
provide an overview of sources you have explored while researching a particular topic
and to demonstrate to your readers how your research fits into the larger field of study.
You will need at least 3 peer-reviewed articles for the project, the more, the better.
Methods: The following questions must be answered in this section (Maximum of
Study Design: What type of study design was used?
Data collection: How was the data collected? How was the survey administered?
Sample/Sampling: Who were the participants? What sampling method was
Variables: What were the variables measured?
What type of data analyzes did you perform?
You will perform descriptive statistics (analysis of frequency,
percentage, mean, and standard deviation) to characterize the study
sample in terms of the variables measured.
You will do correlation analysis to determine the r value (Pearson
Which software was used for the data analysis?
You will utilize Excel for your data analysis.
Results (No page limit)
The results section of the project is where you report the findings of your study
based upon the information gathered. The results section should simply state the
findings, without bias or interpretation, and arranged in a logical sequence. The
results section should always be written in the past tense. Use of tables and
graphs (descriptive statistics) is very good here.
What are the expectations here?
A table showing demographic(age, gender, race/ethnicity etc.) and
anthropometrical( BMI, BFP) characteristics of the participants
A table showing BMI classifications(underweight, normal, overweight and
obese) of participants by gender
Scatterplot of BMI vs. BFP
Report the value of r and the significance value using 95% confidence
Discussion & Conclusion (Maximum of 3pages)
The purpose of the discussion is to interpret and describe the significance of your
findings in light of what was already known about the research problem being
investigated, and to explain any new understanding or fresh insights about the
problem after you've taken the findings into consideration. This is where you
compare and contrast the findings of your study with the findings of the articles
you reviewed. What are the similarities and differences? This leads you to the
The conclusion is intended to help the reader understand why your research
should matter to them after they have finished reading the paper. A conclusion is
not merely a summary of your points or a re-statement of your research problem
but a synthesis of key points including reommendations. For this paper, one well-
developed paragraph is sufficient for a conclusion
This is a list of cited sources (published or unpublished source) that you
consulted and obtained information from while writing your research paper. For
this paper, you are required to use APA style.