Essay Writing : Eczema - Causes, Triggers and Treatment
Eczema: Causes, Triggers and TreatmentEczema is derived from a Greek word, which means to effervesce or to bubble or to boil
over. Eczema is called medically as atopic dermatitis and is an itchy and red rash, which appears
on any part of the body or the entire body (Eczema, n.d.). Eczema can occur in children and
adults and even in small babies. Eczema is usually diagnosed at a very young age and very rarely
it can begin in adulthood. The eczema rash can appear different and it can also affect different
parts of body time to time, for example one time it can appear on the knee, the other on the neck
or wrists or ankles or sometimes even all over the body. It differs in severity and can be mild,
moderate or severe. One of tough situations associated with eczema is the itch-scratch cycle,
which makes the rash even worse.
Causes and Trigger Factors
People of any age can get eczema, but it is usually diagnosed when the eczema patients
are young or just babies. It continues into adulthood, but sometimes the severity reduces as
children become adults. The causes of eczema can be allergic or genetic, but still the exact
causes are not known yet. Eczema is triggered due to many factors. Some of the common
1. Irritants: such as bubble bath, disinfectants, soaps and detergents and juices of
meats, vegetables, or fruits.
2. Allergens: such as house dust mites, molds, dandruff, pets, and pollens
3. Microbes: such as bacteria, viruses and certain fungi.
4. Foods: such as eggs, nuts and seeds, dairy products, wheat and soy products.
5. Stress and hormones (Causes & Triggers, n.d.).
People Affected by Eczema in the US and the World
The national prevalence calculated using the 2003 National Survey of Children’s Health
of a sample of 102, 353 children of 17 years and above shows that the prevalence ranged from
8.7 percent to 18.1 percent between states and districts and the highest prevalence was found in
the East Coast States, as well as Idaho, Utah and Nevada (Shaw, Currie, Koudelka, & Simpson,
2011). Atopic eczema is the commonest dermatoses with a prevalence of 2-5 percent in children
and around 10 percent among young adults (Ring & Darsow, 2015).
(Bahaj, Moharem & Kaid, 2012).