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Sustainable tourism/Ecotourism questions
- Read the three articles posted. Hunter 1997, Weaver 2005, and Buckley, 2012.
Sustainable tourism/Ecotourism questionsA. Hunter 1997.1. 1. What is sustainable tourism and explain its relationship with sustainable development.2. 2. What are the four sustainable tourism approaches Hunter explained in this paper? Explain each of them with an example. Which approach you think is the best for sustainable tourism? Explain why. (3pts).B. Weaver 2005.3. What is ecotourism? Explain.4. What are the differences between comprehensive and minimalist dimensions of ecotourism? Provide examples from each of these dimensions (be creative, don’t copy examples from the article).5. What are the major elements of ecotourism based on the reading?6. Explain hard and soft ecotourism.7. Go to the International Ecotourism Society’s website and discuss what the society does to promote ecotourism. http://www.ecotourism.org8. What are the differences and similarities between sustainable tourism and ecotourism? Not found directly in the readings.C. Buckley 2012.9. What are the five themes that are used in the article to evaluate sustainable tourism framework? Explain them.10. The author (Buckley) argues that private-sector approaches to sustainability proved ineffective, and the main driver for improvement is regulation than market measure. Do you agree or disagree with the author? Please explain why.
A. Hunter 1997.
1. What is sustainable tourism and explain its relationship with sustainable development.
Ans: Sustainable tourism can be defined as a set of principles, policy prescriptions, and
management methods that create a path to develop tourism in such a way that the environmental
resource base of the tourism destination is protected for development in future. Sustainable
tourism is related to the parent them of sustainable development because it is also concerned
with tourism sustainability. Sustainable tourism in its own way contributed towards the goals of
sustainable development. There is a debate that sustainable tourism ignores certain goals of
sustainable development, but it is undeniable that sustainable tourism and sustainable
development do have a relationship and sustainable tourism contributes towards the goals of
2. What are the four sustainable tourism approaches Hunter explained in this paper? Explain
each of them with an example. Which approach you think is the best for sustainable tourism?
Explain why. (3pts).
Ans: The four sustainable approaches mentioned by Hunter in the paper are:
1. Sustainable development through“Tourism Imperative”: This approach gives importance
to the needs and desires of tourists and tourism operators. For example, in this approach
maximum efforts will be made to please the tourists so that they are completely satisfied
and the loss of natural resources will not be given importance, so this approach is not a
strong approach of sustainable tourism as it ignores the environment and gives
importance to tourism.
2. Sustainable development through “Product-Led Tourism”: In this approach, the main
emphasis is on the development of new tourism products and maintaining tourism
products in order to achieve growth in the tourism sector. The environmental side of
tourism is given secondary consideration. For example, in a country like Jordan the main
emphasis is on the development of tourism products and maintenance of tourism products
to attract more tourists as the wealth generated by tourism is one of the main income
sources. This approach is a not a strong approach because it does not give more
importance to environment.
3. Sustainable Development through “Environment-Led Tourism”: This approach gives
importance to environment and can be seen in areas where tourism does not exist or is
relatively new. The examples of some regions in Antarctica and Russia are appropriate
for this approach.
4. Sustainable Development through “Neotenous Tourism”: This is one of the strongest and
best approaches for sustainable tourism. This approach supports the belief that sometimes
tourism can be discouraged based on ecological factors. The example of Antarctica will
be apt for this approach because if want to protect the resources of this region we will
have to employ the Neotenous tourism approach to preserve the natural environment.
B. Weaver 2005.