Neuroanatomy Project Assignment Help
Imagine that you are working in a neurology clinic. One of the neurologists tells you that as his or her
practice is expanding, he or she is having difficulty meeting the education needs of his or her patients.
Part of this problem is explaining the basic neuroanatomical structures to the patients in layperson's
language so that they understand their diagnoses and their underlying neurological impairments. The
neurologist asks you to create a written guide for the patients, including both the CNS and the PNS. He or
she describes what the basic neuroanatomical structures are, where they are located, how they interact,
and what function they serve.
He or she asks you to name the structures by using the correct technical language but to use layperson's
language as much as possible elsewhere.
Your neuroanatomy guide should cover the following:
Basic neuroanatomical structures (including the CNS and the PNS, as well as the structural
packaging that protects the brain from the environment)
Locations of these structures
Functions they serve (what functions damage to these areas may affect)
How they interact
Be sure to explain the information in layperson's language and use graphics and pictures where helpful.
Use APA format when citing material from scholarly sources such as your textbook and online notes.
Include a cover page and a reference page listing the resources you used to create your guide. If
possible, please use scholarly sources that are less than 5 years old.
Your response should be at least 2 pages long.
Due Wednesday, June 18, 2014.
Assignment 3 Grading Criteria Maximum
Described basic neuroanatomical structures (including the
CNS and the PNS, as well as the structural packaging that
protects the brain from the environment) and their locations.
Described functions they serve and how they interact. 40
Wrote in a clear, concise, and organized manner;
demonstrated ethical scholarship in accurate representation
and attribution of sources; and displayed accurate spelling,
grammar, and punctuation. Explained the information in
layperson's language and used graphics and pictures where
Neuroanatomy is the anatomy of the nervous system or in other words the general structure of
the nervous system. Human nervous system produces controls and guides the acts of human
beings. It also controls thoughts and guides the responses to the environment around the human
beings. The basic nervous system is developed from a simple hollow tube and that hollow tube
grows in size and differentiates into the important parts of the nervous system, such as, the
central nervous system or CNS and the peripheral nervous system or PNS (Squire, 2013). There
are subdivisions of these two nervous systems that have specific structure and functions.
Central Nervous System: As the name suggests, it is central and the two main components of
the central nervous system are brain and spinal cord, which are under the protection of special
bones. The brain is protected by the hard skull and the spinal cord is protected by the spinal
vertebrae. Apart from these bones, the brain and spinal cord are protected by dura mater or hard
outer layer or a plastic like covering, then the arachnoid membrane, which is like spider and acts
like cushioning and the final layer, the pia mater or soft layer, which is comparatively fragile.
These three layers are called the meninges and separate the CNS from the rest of the body and
also protect the organs of the CNS from infections. Apart from the meninges, there is another
water layer in between the organs of the CNS and the meninges, this layer is called as
cerebrospinal fluid. The blood vessels of the brain are held tightly together and they form the
blood brain barrier, so that the substances going in and out are regulated (Gross Organization of
a) Spinal Cord: The primary function of the spinal cord is conduction of nerve impulses
from afferent nerves or sensory nerves to the brain and efferent or motor impulses to the
PNS. The sensory fibers of the peripheral nervous system enter the spinal cord from the
back and the motor fibers exit the spinal cord from the front or from the stomach side.
The interneurons of the spinal cord have an important function of controlling reflex
actions, which do not need the command of the brain, for example, the sudden movement
of your hand if it touches fire by mistake.