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Essay #3: Instructions & Submission
Incorporating Spirituality into Social Work Practice
Before beginning your essay, review the lecture Preparing Students for the Spiritual Issues of Their Clients. This lecture can be found on our course site under Lectures. Turn on your sound and click on
Chapter 3 Lecture Spirituality. Please also read Rogers pages 266 to 270. This will provide you with additional background information about the concept of spirituality, Fowler’s Theory of Faith Development, and incorporating spirituality into social work practice.
Review the questions for essay 3, then go to the New Directions in Social Work website at
http://www.routledgesw.com/ This is the same website we used for essay 2. From the homepage,
select Interactive Cases. For Essay #3, click on “View This Case” under Carla Washburn: Loss, Aging, and
Social Support. Read the information in the red box on the right side of the screen. When you are ready
to begin, click on the link “Start This Case”. Please read Task #1 in the box on the right side of the screen.
On the website, you will now click on the photos of each family member to read their case files,
Scroll down below each client history and enter your notes in “Record Your Notes Here”, then select
“Save to Notebook”. You will then be able to retrieve and review your notes at a later date to help you
complete this essay and future assignments.
After you get acquainted with Ms. Carla Washburn and the people in her life, and after reviewing the
lecture and readings noted above, apply your understanding of the role of spirituality to your practice as
a social worker in your work with Carla Washburn. Below are the questions to guide your analysis:
a) How would you utilize the spiritual dimension of human behavior to address the needs of Ms. Carla
Washburn? Be sure to discuss Fowler’s Theory of Faith Development as it applies to Ms. Washburn.
b) Imagine that Carla Washburn is, instead, Carl Washburn, a 20 years old White male living in a rural
community. How would you utilize the spiritual dimension of human behavior to address Carl
Washburn’s needs as your client? Again, be sure to apply Fowler’s Theory of Faith Development as it
c) Would there be any differences in how you would approach the 20 year old Carl versus the 76 year
old Carla as it relates to spirituality in your practice as a social worker? Explain why or why not with a
specific example and a rationale (reason) to support your response. Again, be sure to apply Fowler’s
Theory of Faith Development as it applies to similarities and differences between your approach to Carl
APA Challenge One: Add a Paraphrase, Short Quotation, and Long Quotation
For Essay #3, continue to apply the APA style you learned in Essays #1 and #2. In addition, for Essay #3
you incorporate the following into the body of your essay using additional source material. Be sure to
use the proper APA citation procedures (see below). Your essay should be one-and-a-half to two pages
in length, plus a title page and abstract.
Within the body of your essay, you will include one example of EACH of the following:
b) one short quotation (less than 40 words), and
c) one long quotation (40 or more words)
Understanding your APA Challenge
• First, read Ethical and Legal Standards in Publishing in the APA manual, page 11.
• Next, read section 1.01 Plagiarism and Self-Plagiarism on pages 15 and 16.
• Then, read pages 169 through 174. This section will address crediting sources and provide additional
information about paraphrasing and quoting material within the text of your paper.
• Finally, review the instructions about quotations on page 92 (Section 4.08). Note the difference in style
between in text quotations that are less than 40 words and in block quotations that are 40 words or
We will go into much more detail about how to site various sources in future essays and in your research
paper. For the time being, the most important thing is to include the following information with in-text
citations for paraphrased and quoted material:
(Author’s last name, year of publication, page numbers)
NOTE: While it is optional to include the page number for paraphrased material, I strongly urge you to
get into the habit of including page numbers for all cited material, whether paraphrased or quoted.
Including the page number is a benefit to your readers who may wish to do further reading about your
topic. It’s also a benefit to you, as you may find the need to go back to your original source from time to
time. Without the page number, this can become a time-consuming process.
Click on View/Complete when you are ready to upload your essay via Safe Assignment. I look forward to
A printable handout can be found immediately above these instructions.
Spirituality plays a huge role in how we conduct our life and how we accept and deal
with the problems in our life. It is that domain of our existence that relates to the very essence of
our being and forms the core of our personhood. Various researchers and theorists have delved
into how spirituality is used by people to enhance their well being. They have found that
spirituality is perceived differently from religion. Some people who may consider themselves as
spiritual even though they do not identify with specific religious institutions or participate in
religious activities, while others perceive themselves as spiritual because they might be
participating in religious activities.
Religion refers to formal systems of belief practiced within the framework on an
institution such as the church, temple or synagogue. Spirituality on the other hand refers to our
connection to a universal power that goes far beyond the dogmas, creeds and rituals associated
with religion. However, it is also a fact that most of us experience some sort of a spiritual
development over time, akin to our experiencing biological, psychological and social
development. This connection between spirituality and human development has been explored
and theorized by many developmental psychologists, most notable among them being James
Fowler. James Fowler’s theory of faith development is by far the most significant model of
spiritual development in the last few decades. Fowler describes stages that a person goes
through in finding spirituality. Fowler divides a person’s life in 7 stages, observing that people
start developing faith early in life and continue to do so into their old age. They move through
consistent developmental stages: Primal, Intuitive-Projective, Mythic-Literal, Synthetic-
Conventional, Individuative-Reflective, Conjunctive, and Universalizing.
As social workers, it is crucial to understand the meaning of spirituality and how it
connects to our personhood. Social workers must “incorporate elements of spirituality and
religious participation in their assessments and interventions when working with clients,”
because “clients’ religious beliefs and views on spirituality provide insights into the ways in
which clients view problems and solutions, and can be sources of strength in helping clients to
overcome obstacles” (Rogers, 2013, p. 317).