Online Custom Writing Services – Generating a Policy Proposal

Online Custom Writing Services – Generating a Policy Proposal

Online Custom Writing Services – Generating a Policy Proposal

Online Custom Writing Services

Generating a Policy Proposal

Although some states and cities have passed laws to ban texting and using handheld phones while

driving, there is no current law to ban all cell phone use while driving. However, according to the

National Safety Council (2009), 28 percent of all crashes—1.6 million per year—are caused by cell phone

use and texting by drivers. The mission of a new national nonprofit organization called FocusDriven,

patterned after Mothers Against Drunk Driving, is to make phone use while driving as illegal and socially

unacceptable as drunk driving. US Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood supports FocusDriven and its

efforts: According to the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, LaHood said this movement will become "an army of

people traveling the countryside" to push for bans on cell phone use and tough enforcement (Schmit,


As a political advocate interested in this issue, you will be writing a policy proposal that utilizes the

current research to propose a solution to the issue and submit it in this assignment.

Please note that your proposal is not an opinion/position paper, and your conclusions need to be based

on the scientific research you reviewed earlier. Please follow the typical steps in proper academic

writing (planning, outlining, drafting, revising, proofing, and editing) to generate the following proposal



In the introduction, you should set up the purpose for the proposal, provide a bit of background on the

topic, and present your thesis.


Now that you have researched a variety of studies (in M4: Assignment 2- Annotated Bibliography: Cell

Phone Use ), compile that information together to create a recommendation for policy makers regarding

cell phone use while driving.

1: In a one-page summary, compare and contrast the results of the various studies regarding the

cognitive abilities that are affected during cell phone use while driving.

2: Using that research, develop and explain particular recommendations for policy makers. For instance,

restrict texting, or regulate the use of hand-held phones. All your recommendations must be supported

by your research findings.

3: Based on the gaps in current research, describe the variables, populations, and situations which you

would like to see future research address.


Review the important current research, your conclusions from that research, and how the future could

look in both policy and research. Keep your goal in mind: To convince the reader to support your current

policy proposal and future research to examine this issue more closely.

Your proposal should be written in APA style (which includes a title page with running header and a

reference page), and free of typographical and grammatical errors. The body of your proposal should be

4–5 pages long.

Due Monday, January 26, 2015

Course Project Grading Criteria and Rubric

Assignment 1 Grading Criteria Maximum

Analysis and comparison of current research on cognitive effects of

phone use, intoxication, age, and other factors while driving. (Course

Objectives [CO]1 CO2)

Recommendations for public policy.

(CO3) 72

Recommendations for future research.

(CO2, CO3) 92

Writing Components:

Organization (16)

Usage and Mechanics (16)

APA Elements (24)

Style (8)

Total: 300




Schmitz, J. (2010, January 13). Cell phone ban for drivers is focus of new group.

Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved from

National Research Council. (2010). National Safety Council Estimates that At Least 1.6 Million Crashes Each Year

Involve Drivers Using Cell Phones and Texting. Available at


Ban Texting and Using Handheld Phones

Ban Texting and Using Handheld Phones While Driving

Name of the Student


Professor’s Name


Ban Texting and Using Handheld Phones

Ban Texting and Using Handheld Phones While Driving


According to the National Safety Council (2009), 28 percent of all crashes- 1.6 million

per year- are caused by cell phone texts and texting by drivers (National Safety Council

Estimates That At Least 1.6 Million Crashes Are Caused Each Year by Drivers Using Cell

Phones and Texting , 2015). Many states have already banned texting and using handheld phones

while driving, still there is a necessity of stringent laws that can illegalize phone use while

driving. Many studies have been conducted on this issue and the result of most of the studies

show that using cell phones while driving can distract the driver and lead to accidents. Most of

the people do not realize the dangers associated with texting and driving simultaneously, so in

view of public safety it is very important to impose a strict ban and a heavy fine on using cell

phones while driving.


Many research studies have been conducted to understand the reason behind the recent

increase in accidents. It has been found that there is a direct correlation between the accidents

and using cell phones while driving. Wilson & Stimpson (2010) conducted a research and found

that fatalities from distracted driving increased 28 percent after 2005. They also found that

texting volumes resulted in more than 16,000 fatalities from 2001 to 2007. They proposed that

distracted driving is a public safety hazard (Wilson & Stimpson, 2010).

Lim and Chi (2013) utilized state-level panel data to study the relation between cell

phone laws and fatal crashes and found that cell phone bans helped to reduce fatality rates for

particular age groups, such as drivers who were 18-34 years old. Barron Lerner presents the

Ban Texting and Using Handheld Phones

reasons behind automobile accidents. Though the paper does not cover the in-depth issues, it

provides reliable facts and figures that affirm that texting while driving is dangerous and after the

paper was published thirty two states banned texting while driving (Lerner, 2011). Strayer,

Drews and Crouch compared the cell phone driver and the drunk driver and concluded after

conducting a thorough laboratory study that cell phone- driving and drunk- driving is

significantly responsible for driver impairment, which may result in accidents (Strayer, Drews, &

Crouch, 2006).

In a recent study, Caird, Willness, Asbridge & Steel concentrated on the cognitive skills

that may get affected on text messaging while driving. They used reading and texting as

independent variables and the dependent variables included were eye movements, stimulus

detection, lane positioning, reaction times and speed and headway. After a detailed study, they

concluded that the dependent variables were affected adversely due to typing and reading text

messages. They recommended legal remedies and also added solutions like blocking

technologies, education and parent modeling (Caird, Willness, Asbridge, & Steel, 2014).

Most of the research studies conducted are reliable and show a definite link between road

accidents and cell phone usage while driving. Cognitive abilities can get affected when a person

is multitasking. When a person is driving or texting or reading or conversing on the cell phone,

the brain has to concentrate and a great deal of thought process is required. If ever, the brain is

not able to concentrate on both the activities simultaneously, it may lead to distraction. This

distraction can prove fatal while driving because the person who is using the cell phone and

driving simultaneously may not be able to apply brakes on the right time, or may not be able to

see the vehicle in front of him, or evaluate the distance between the vehicles, or may not be able

Ban Texting and Using Handheld Phones

to see the traffic signals. There are multiple possibilities; therefore there is an urgent need to take

some strict steps to curb cell phone usage while driving.

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