Online English Assignment Help
Discussion Rogerian Therapy
Similar to Freud, Carl Rogers developed his theory from his extensive work with his patients.
However, unlike Freud, he believed that people are typically healthy; being mentally healthy is
the normal state. Although there are unhealthy people, they are not the norm or what one has to
accept and live with throughout one’s life. Furthermore, Rogers believed that each person has
one primary motivation—to realize his/her full potential or to be self-actualized. Finally, he
posited that neurosis stems from incongruence between one’s real self and one’s ideal self. He
applied this to his theory of counseling in the development of three therapeutic criteria that he
felt were both necessary and sufficient to help the patient. These three qualities are now the
foundation for modern person-centered therapy.
The three qualities that form the foundation of Rogerian therapy are empathy, congruence, and
unconditional positive regard. These will be relatively easy to express for people you naturally
like but can be difficult to express for people whom you do not like nor agree with.
Imagine that you are a psychologist working with a population of individuals that tend to be
more difficult to work with, such as sex offenders, elderly patients with dementia, or mentally
challenged children. Use the Internet, Argosy University library resources, and your textbook to
research the concepts of Rogerian therapy and respond to the following questions:
Realistically, do you think it is possible to be congruent and to extend empathy and
unconditional positive regard to these clients in a psychotherapeutic context? Why or
How do you think clinicians practicing Rogerian therapy would approach these concepts
for these clients?
How might Rogerian therapy be a helpful strategy for these clients?
Is it possible these concepts of Rogerian therapy could hinder treatment?
Write your initial response in 4–5 paragraphs. Apply APA standards to citation of sources.
Discussion Rogerian Therapy
According to the client-centered therapy stated by Rogers, the three foundational
principles emphasize that a therapist must be genuine to his clients during interactions to avoid
incongruence, a therapist must have unconditional positive regard without attempting to evaluate
or judge the client’s behavior, feelings or thoughts, and a therapist should empathize with the
client and his or her feelings. Realistically speaking it is difficult to follow these foundational
principles when dealing with elderly patients with dementia, mentally challenged children, or sex
offenders. As Rogers state, the necessary conditions for therapeutic growth are that the anxious
or vulnerable client should come in contact with a therapist, who is congruent and also possess
empathy and unconditional positive regard. He also emphasizes that the relation between client
and therapist should be of some duration (Feist, Feist & Roberts, 1985).
If the therapists or clinicians want to really feel empathy, or want to show positive regard
unconditionally or make attempts to maintain congruence, or in short want to practice the
Rogerian therapy, they should go down to the level of the elderly patients, the mentally retarded
clients, or the sex offenders and understand the reasons behind their problems, behaviors,
feelings, emotions and actions, and then only he or she will be able to show empathy,