Research Methods in Social (quiz)

Research Methods in Social (quiz)

Research Methods in Social (quiz)

Research Methods in Social (quiz)

Question 1

1.

Use of qualitative methods would be appropriate if a research question relates to:

Answer

Determining whether a relationship exists between two variables.

Inferring whether sample descriptors are characteristic of those in a larger

population.

Rich descriptions of people’s lived experience.

Comparing differences in outcome variables for different groups.

Question 2

1.

Which of the following represent reasons for using qualitative research methods?

Answer

When very little is known about a topic and initial exploration is needed to even begin to know what to study.

When there is interest in studying participants’ reactions to a natural setting or process to determine their experience of it, the meaning they ascribe to it, or their interpretation of it.

When the goal is to develop new explanatory theory that is grounded in reality or the lived experience.

All of the above.

Question 3

1.

The term saturation refers to:

Answer

The rich descriptions qualitative methods produce.

The inherent subjectivity of qualitative methods.

When no new information emerges from data

collection.

A data analysis method characteristic of qualitative

research.

Question 4

1.

Which of the following is not an interview method used in qualitative research?

Answer

Open or unstructured interviews.

Semi-structured interviews.

Informal Conversations.

Interviews using a number of predefined

responses

Question 5

1.

Which of the following statements best captures the

difference between pure observation and participant

observation?

Answer

In pure observation, the researcher remains apart from the group, but in participant observation, the researcher becomes actively involved in the research setting.

In pure observation, the researcher is not subject to observer bias, but in participant observation, the researcher is influenced by observer bias. In pure observation, the researcher observes only one individual, but in participant observation, the researcher observes multiple individuals simultaneously.

In pure observation, the researcher does not collect field notes, but merely observes behavior as it occurs; in participant observation, the researcher collects extensive field notes to record the behaviors observed.

Question 6

1. Which of the following represent strengths of the

observational data collection method?

Answer

Eliminates the need to rely on respondents’ self-

report.

Avoids the problems of social desirability and

recall.

Allows inclusion of nonverbal subjects in

research.

All of the above.

Question 7

1.

Purposive sampling methods are typically utilized in

qualitative research to:

Answer

Maximize the time available for data analysis since purposive sampling is

less time-consuming than other sampling strategies.

Minimize the costs associated with generating a representative sample.

Create samples that are likely to yield rich knowledge regarding the

phenomenon of interest.

Create samples that will yield results that are generalizable to a larger

population.

Question 8

1.

This qualitative research method aims to understand

an entire culture, subculture, or social group through

extensive participant observation:

Answer

Ethnography

Phenomenology

Mixed methods

designs.

Case study.

Question 9

1.

This qualitative research method seeks to generate

theory that arises from the data itself rather than

being generated a priori based on the researcher’s

knowledge and experience:

Answer

Phenomenology.

Case study.

Mixed method

design.

Grounded theory.

Question 10

1.

A key difference between qualitative and quantitative

research methods in terms of data analysis is that:

Answer

In qualitative research, data collection and data analysis occur

simultaneously, whereas in quantitative research data analysis occurs after

data collection in complete.

In qualitative research, researchers often specifically look for outliers,

whereas in quantitative research, outliers are typically excluded.

In qualitative research, data analysis does not follow a systematic process,

whereas in quantitative, data analysis is very systematic and rigorous.

Both a & b.

Question 11

1.

A descriptive research question is concerned with

describing some phenomenon in a holistic way; an

example of this is represented by which of the

following?

Answer

The research question pertains to the relationship between two or more

variables.

The intent of the research is to study some phenomenon as it is, without

trying to alter it.

The research question is designed to help us acquire a preliminary

understanding of a phenomenon.

The research intends to identify which approaches are the most effective

means to produce specified changes.

Question 12

1.

Which of the following represents an explanatory

research study?

Answer

The intent of the research is to study some phenomenon as it is, without

trying to alter it.

The research question pertains to the relationship between two or more

variables.

The research question seeks to determine whether some minimum standard

outcome has achieved at a specified point in time.

The research intends to identify which approaches are the most effective

means to produce specified changes.

Question 13

1.

What differentiates experimental designs from pre-

experimental designs?

Answer

Having more than one group or multiple observation

points.

The use of inductive reasoning.

The treatment or service goals.

Random assignment to groups.

Question 14

1.

Which of the symbols below would be used to depict

the independent variable or intervention in a group

research design?

Answer

R.

O.

X.

NR

.

Question 15

1.

The purpose of random assignment is:

Answer

To create groups containing equal numbers of

subjects.

To create pretreatment equivalency across

groups.

To create a control group for experimental

comparison.

All of the above.

Question 16

1.

Random sampling is:

Answer

A means of creating between-group equivalence.

A means of creating a comparison group for use in examining the impact of

an intervention.

A means for triangulating research measures.

A means of selecting elements from a population so that each and every

element has an equal chance of being selected.

Question 17

1.

Attrition refers to which of the following?

Answer

The tendency for research participants to withdraw prematurely from a

research study.

A retention rate of at least 70% of research participants in the study.

A time series group research design.

All of the above.

Question 18

1.

Internal validity refers to:

Answer

Inferring causation from pre-experimental research designs.

The amount of confidence we have that changes in the dependent variable

are the result of the independent variable and not some other factor.

Minimizing attrition in longitudinal or time series designs.

The degree to which study results can be generalized to other cases not

studied as well as to the population in general.

Question 19

1.

External validity refers to:

Answer

The degree to which study results can be generalized to other cases not

studied as well as to the population in general.

Creating equivalent groups through random sampling.

The amount of confidence we have that changes in the dependent variable

are the result of the independent variable and not some other factor.

Minimizing attrition in longitudinal or time series designs.

Question 20

1.

A rival hypothesis is defined as:

Answer

A hypothesis developed by another research colleague studying the same

phenomenon.

Alternative explanations apart from the independent variable that might

account for the outcome.

The establishment of a clear relationship between the independent and

dependent variable.

Assigning research subjects to treatment groups based on need rather than

randomization.

 

Question 1

1.

Use of qualitative methods would be appropriate if a

research question relates to:

Answer

Determining whether a relationship exists between two variables.

Inferring whether sample descriptors are characteristic of those in a larger

population.

Rich descriptions of people’s lived experience.

Comparing differences in outcome variables for different groups.

Question 2

1.

Which of the following represent reasons for using

qualitative research methods?

Answer

When very little is known about a topic and initial exploration is needed to

even begin to know what to study.

When there is interest in studying participants’ reactions to a natural setting

or process to determine their experience of it, the meaning they ascribe to it,

or their interpretation of it.

When the goal is to develop new explanatory theory that is grounded in

reality or the lived experience.

All of the above.

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